Stone Disease

Stone Disease

Urological conditions commonly include kidney stones, which affect many people worldwide. This article, prepared for Prof. Dr. Volkan Tuğcu's website, will discuss the diagnosis and treatment methods of stone diseases. We will start by providing information on the causes and symptoms of the disease, then proceed to diagnosis methods and various treatment options.

Causes and Symptoms of Stone Diseases

Stone diseases occur when minerals and salts crystallize in the kidneys. Various factors such as dehydration, specific dietary habits, the use of certain medications, and genetic factors can predispose individuals to stone formation. Common symptoms of stone diseases include severe back pain, burning during urination, red or brown urine, nausea and vomiting, and frequent urination in small amounts.

Diagnosis Methods

The main methods for diagnosing stone disease include imaging techniques such as ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), and X-rays. These methods effectively determine the size, location, and potential impacts of the stone. Urine tests and blood tests are also used to evaluate kidney functions and detect other health problems that may cause stone formation.

Treatment Methods

The treatment of stone diseases varies depending on the size, type, and location of the stone. While small stones can often be treated at home with plenty of water and pain relievers, larger stones may require medical intervention. Here are some common treatment methods:

  1. Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL): This method uses high-energy shock waves to break up the stones, which are then passed out of the body through urine.

  2. Ureteroscopy: A specialist urologist reaches the stone directly with a ureteroscope and removes or breaks it using laser.

  3. Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy: A small incision is made in the kidney to remove large stones directly with a special instrument.

Prevention Methods

Preventing stone diseases is possible through adequate water intake and a balanced diet. Additionally, avoiding foods high in oxalates and regular exercise can reduce the risk of stone formation.

Prof. Dr. Volkan Tuğcu has in-depth knowledge and experience in this area. The information provided on his website serves as valuable resources for patient education and healthy lifestyle choices. For more information about stone diseases and to evaluate treatment options, you can contact Prof. Dr. Volkan Tuğcu.